Influence of antibiotic dose, dosing interval, and duration of therapy on outcome in experimental pneumococcal meningitis in rabbits

Täuber, MG; Kunz, S; Zak, O; Sande, MA (1989). Influence of antibiotic dose, dosing interval, and duration of therapy on outcome in experimental pneumococcal meningitis in rabbits. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 33(4), pp. 418-23. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/AAC.33.4.418

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We examined the influence of several pharmacokinetic parameters on cure rates in rabbits with experimental pneumococcal meningitis. When the duration of treatment was kept constant, cure rates improved as the individual dose of ampicillin was increased. On the other hand, when four doses of ampicillin at 60 mg/kg of body weight, producing peak concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of approximately 40 times the MBC, were administered at intervals of 24 instead of 4 h and the duration of therapy was thus prolonged from 12 to 72 h, cure rates also increased (85 versus 25%; P less than 0.01). These high cure rates were achieved even though bacterial titers in CSF 24 h after the first dose had reached levels similar to those present at the beginning of therapy. Cure in these animals was explained by the fact that the second ampicillin dose reduced bacterial titers in CSF significantly more than did the first dose (5.2 versus 2.5 log10 CFU/ml; P less than 0.02). The clinical relevance of these observations remains to be determined.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases

UniBE Contributor:

Täuber, Martin G.

ISSN:

0066-4804

ISBN:

2729936

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:00

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/AAC.33.4.418

PubMed ID:

2729936

Web of Science ID:

A1989T976600003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/25808 (FactScience: 60990)

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