Pathogenesis of bacterial meningitis: contributions by experimental models in rabbits

Täuber, MG; Sande, MA (1984). Pathogenesis of bacterial meningitis: contributions by experimental models in rabbits. Infection, 1(12), S3-10. Heidelberg: Springer-Medizin-Verlag 10.1007/BF01641732

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Rabbits models of bacterial meningitis have contributed substantially to our understanding of the disease, although the technical characteristics of these models only allow the study of specific aspects of the disease. Bacterial multiplication in the subarachnoidal space is not substantially influenced by host defense mechanisms, mainly because of the lack of sufficient amounts of specific antibodies and functional complement in infected CSF. The multiplying bacteria induce profound changes in the blood-brain barrier, an influx of serum proteins into the CSF and the invasion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes at the site of the infection. The presence of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in CSF not only appears to be of limited value in combating the infection, but also seems to produce deleterious effects on the central nervous system. Components of the leukocytes, such as unsaturated fatty acids, arachidonic metabolites and free oxygen radicals, may contribute to the profound hydrodynamic, structural and metabolic changes that are currently under study in experimental models of the disease. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of bacterial meningitis may allow us to design more effective therapeutic strategies and improve the outcome of this disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases

UniBE Contributor:

Täuber, Martin G.

ISSN:

0300-8126

ISBN:

6397452

Publisher:

Springer-Medizin-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:00

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 22:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/BF01641732

PubMed ID:

6397452

Web of Science ID:

A1984ACE8000001

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/25840 (FactScience: 61057)

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