Renal oxygenation changes during acute unilateral ureteral obstruction: assessment with blood oxygen level-dependent mr imaging--initial experience

Thoeny, Harriet C; Kessler, Thomas M; Simon-Zoula, Sonia; De Keyzer, Frederik; Mohaupt, Markus; Studer, Urs E; Vermathen, Peter (2008). Renal oxygenation changes during acute unilateral ureteral obstruction: assessment with blood oxygen level-dependent mr imaging--initial experience. Radiology, 247(3), pp. 754-61. Oak Brook, Ill.: Radiological Society of North America RSNA 10.1148/radiol.2473070877

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PURPOSE: To prospectively determine if changes in intrarenal oxygenation during acute unilateral ureteral obstruction can be depicted with blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the local ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. BOLD MR imaging was performed in 10 male patients (mean age, 45 years +/- 17 [standard deviation]; range, 20-73 years) with a distal unilateral ureteral calculus and in 10 healthy age-matched male volunteers to estimate R2*, which is inversely related to tissue Po(2). R2* values were determined in the cortex and medulla of the obstructed and the contralateral nonobstructed kidneys. To reduce external effects on R2*, the R2* ratio between the medulla and cortex was also analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed with nonparametric rank tests. P < .05 was considered to indicate a significant difference. RESULTS: All patients had significantly lower medullary and cortical R2* values in the obstructed kidney (median R2* in medulla, 10.9 sec(-1) [range, 9.1-14.3 sec(-1)]; median R2* in cortex, 10.4 sec(-1) [range, 9.7-11.3 sec(-1)]) than in the nonobstructed kidney (median R2* in medulla, 17.2 sec(-1) [range, 14.6-23.2 sec(-1)], P = .005; median R2* in cortex, 11.7 sec(-1) [range, 11.0-14.0 sec(-1)], P = .005); values in the obstructed kidneys were also significantly lower than values in the kidneys of healthy control subjects (median R2* in medulla, 16.1 sec(-1) [range, 13.9-18.1 sec(-1)], P < .001; median R2* in cortex, 11.6 sec(-1) [range, 10.5-12.9 sec(-1)], P < .001). R2* ratios in the obstructed kidneys (median, 1.06; range, 0.85-1.27) were significantly lower than those in the nonobstructed kidneys (median, 1.49; range, 1.26-1.71; P = .005) and those in the kidneys of healthy control subjects (median, 1.38; range, 1.23-1.47; P < .001). In contrast, R2* ratios in the nonobstructed kidneys of patients were significantly higher than those in kidneys of healthy control subjects (P = .01). CONCLUSION: Increased oxygen content in the renal cortex and medulla occurs with acute unilateral ureteral obstruction, suggesting reduced function of the affected kidney.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Nephrology and Hypertension
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Urology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology > DCR Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Methodology (AMSM)

UniBE Contributor:

Thöny, Harriet C.; Simon Zoula, Sonia; Mohaupt, Markus; Studer, Urs and Vermathen, Peter

ISSN:

0033-8419

ISBN:

18403623

Publisher:

Radiological Society of North America RSNA

Language:

English

Submitter:

Markus Georg Mohaupt

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:01

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1148/radiol.2473070877

PubMed ID:

18403623

Web of Science ID:

000256079700021

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26269 (FactScience: 67981)

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