Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas after (chemo)radiotherapy: a diagnostic dilemma

Zbären, Peter; Weidner, Sabine; Thoeny, Harriet C (2008). Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas after (chemo)radiotherapy: a diagnostic dilemma. Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, 16(2), pp. 147-53. Philadelphia, Pa.: Current Science

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: During recent years, (chemo)radiotherapy has evolved into a primary treatment modality for both early and advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas. Head and neck surgeons will be concerned more frequently with patients presenting symptoms and signs suggesting recurrent tumor or complications of (chemo)radiotherapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Analysis of histologic characteristics and tumor spread of recurrent carcinomas on whole-organ slices of salvage laryngectomy specimens showed that recurrent laryngeal carcinomas are often present with multiple tumor foci dispersed in different regions; furthermore, they may develop beneath an intact mucosa. Only a few articles analyze the reliability of laryngoscopy and biopsy in detecting recurrences after (chemo)radiotherapy: the number of false negative biopsies is relatively high. The differentiation between radionecrosis and tumor recurrence is difficult by computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging in many cases. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging are promising diagnostic modalities to detect or exclude persistent or recurrent disease after (chemo)radiotherapy. SUMMARY: Endoscopy with biopsy, computed tomography scan and conventional magnetic resonance imaging present several deficiencies in diagnosing recurrent disease after (chemo)radiotherapy. New imaging modalities such as positron emission tomography-computed tomography and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging show promising results, increasing the diagnostic efficacy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Clinic of Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Zbären, Peter; Weidner, Sabine Edith and Thöny, Harriet C.

ISSN:

1068-9508

ISBN:

18327034

Publisher:

Current Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:01

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:18

PubMed ID:

18327034

Web of Science ID:

000270375200008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26270 (FactScience: 67984)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback