[Goiter and nodular thyroid disease: clinical guidelines for diagnosis and treatment. (Waiting? Hormone therapy? Surgery? radioiodine?)]

Cattaneo, F; Bürgi, U; Mueller, B (1999). [Goiter and nodular thyroid disease: clinical guidelines for diagnosis and treatment. (Waiting? Hormone therapy? Surgery? radioiodine?)]. Therapeutische Umschau, 56(7), pp. 356-63. Bern: Huber

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Nodular thyroid disease is a common problem. We present clinical guidelines for the management of patients with thyroid nodules, multinodular goiters and thyroid cysts for use by primary physicians. In the initial evaluation ultrasonography of the thyroid and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is recommended. FNAB has become the cornerstone in the evaluation of solitary thyroid nodules, cysts and dominant nodules within multinodular goiters. If the procedure is done properly, it should have a false-negative rate of less than 5% and a false-positive rate of not more than 1%. Thyroid radionuclide scans are less frequently used in the initial evaluation of a nodular goiter. Surgery is the primary therapy for patients with nodular thyroid disease. Other available treatment options are radioiodine and TSH-suppression with thyroxine. The main indications for surgery in euthyroid patients with thyroid nodule or with nontoxic multinodular goiter are recently documented or suspected malignancy, compression of the trachea and esophagus, significant growth of the nodule, recurrence of a cyst after aspiration, neck discomfort and cosmetic concern.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Bürgi, Ulrich

ISSN:

0040-5930

ISBN:

10434771

Publisher:

Huber

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:01

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:18

PubMed ID:

10434771

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26582 (FactScience: 73541)

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