Hemoglobin vesicles reduce hypoxia-related inflammation in critically ischemic hamster flap tissue

Plock, Jan A; Tromp, Annemarie E; Contaldo, Claudio; Spanholtz, Timo; Sinovcic, Dubravko; Sakai, Hiromi; Tsuchida, Eishun; Leunig, Michael; Banic, Andrej; Erni, Dominique (2007). Hemoglobin vesicles reduce hypoxia-related inflammation in critically ischemic hamster flap tissue. Critical care medicine, 35(3), pp. 899-905. Baltimore, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/01.CCM.0000257463.71761.97

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OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a highly viscous, left-shifted hemoglobin vesicle solution (HbV) on the hypoxia-related inflammation and the microcirculation in critically ischemic peripheral tissue. DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. SETTING: University laboratory. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four male golden Syrian hamsters. INTERVENTIONS: Island flaps were dissected from the back skin of anesthetized hamsters for assessment with intravital microscopy. The flap included a critically ischemic, hypoxic area that was perfused via a collateralized vasculature. One hour after completion of the preparation, the animals received an injection of 25% of total blood volume of 0.9% NaCl or NaCl suspended with HbVs at a concentration of 5 g/dL (HbV5) or 10 g/dL (HbV10). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Plasma viscosity was increased from 1.32 cP to 1.61 cP and 2.14 cP after the administration of HbV5 and HbV10, respectively (both p < .01). Both HbV solutions raised partial oxygen tension (Clark-type microprobes) in the ischemic tissue from approximately 10 torr to 17 torr (p < .01), which was paralleled by an increase in capillary perfusion by > 200% (p < .01). The 50% increase in macromolecular capillary leakage found over time in the control animals was completely abolished by the HbV solutions (p < .01), which was accompanied by a > 50% (p < .01) reduction in cells immunohistochemically stained for tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 and in leukocyte counts, whereas no such changes were observed in the anatomically perfused, normoxic tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that in critically ischemic, hypoxic peripheral tissue, hypoxia-related inflammation may be reduced by a top-load infusion of HbV solutions. We attributed this effect to a restoration of tissue oxygenation and an increase in plasma viscosity, both of which may have resulted in attenuation of secondary microcirculatory impairments.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Plock, Jan Alexander; Banic, Andrej and Erni, Dominique

ISSN:

0090-3493

ISBN:

17255851

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:01

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/01.CCM.0000257463.71761.97

PubMed ID:

17255851

Web of Science ID:

000244470800030

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26633 (FactScience: 75978)

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