Formal speech stylistics and type A behavior in 38 subjects during nonstress interviews

Guggisberg, R; Laederach, K; Adler, R (1981). Formal speech stylistics and type A behavior in 38 subjects during nonstress interviews. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics, 36(2), pp. 86-91. Basel: Karger 10.1159/000287530

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Open-ended interviews of 90 min length of 38 patients were analyzed with respect to speech stylistics, shown by Schucker and Jacobs to differentiate individuals with type A personality features from those with type B. In our patients, Type A/B had been assessed by the Bortner Personality Inventory. The stylistics studied were: repeated words swallowed words, interruptions, simultaneous speech, silence latency (between question and answer) (SL), speed of speech, uneven speed of speech (USS), explosive words (PW), uneven speech volume (USV), and speech volume. Correlations between both raters for all speech categories were high. Positive correlations between extent of type A and SL (r = 0.33; p = 0.022), USS (r = 0.51; p = 0.002), PW (r = 0.46; p = 0.003) and USV (r = 0.39; p = 0.012) were found. Our results indicate that the speech in nonstress open-ended interviews of type A individuals tends to show a higher emotional tension (positive correlations for USS PW and USV) and is more controlled in conversation (positive correlation for SL).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition

UniBE Contributor:

Laederach, Kurt

ISSN:

0033-3190

ISBN:

7342164

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 22:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000287530

PubMed ID:

7342164

Web of Science ID:

A1981NG11700002

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26740 (FactScience: 87050)

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