Influence of suture tension to the tearing characteristics of the soft tissues: an in vitro experiment

Burkhardt, Rino; Preiss, Axel; Joss, Andreas; Lang, Niklaus Peter (2008). Influence of suture tension to the tearing characteristics of the soft tissues: an in vitro experiment. Clinical oral implants research, 19(3), pp. 314-319. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2007.01352.x

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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of flap tension on the tearing characteristics of mucosal tissue samples in relation to various suture and needle characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lining and masticatory mucosal tissue samples obtained from pig jaws were prepared for in vitro testing. Tension tearing diagrams of 60 experiments were traced for 3-0, 5-0 and 7-0 sutures with applied forces up to 20 N. In the second part, the same experiments were repeated with 100 diagrams to test the influence of needle characteristics with 5-0 and 6-0 sutures using only gingival tissue samples. RESULTS: 3-0 sutures mainly lead to tissue breakage at an average of 13.4 N. In contrast, 7-0 sutures only resulted in breakage of the thread at a mean applied force of 3.7 N. With 5-0 sutures, both events occurred at random at a mean force of 14.6 N. Irrespective of the needle characteristics, the mean breaking force for gingival samples with 5-0 and 6-0 sutures was approximately 10 N. CONCLUSIONS: Tissue trauma may be reduced by choosing finer suture diameters, because thinner (6-0, 7-0) sutures lead to thread breakage rather than tissue breakage.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Division of Fixed Prosthodontics (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Burkhardt, Rino; Joss, Andreas and Lang, Niklaus Peter

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0905-7161

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1600-0501.2007.01352.x

PubMed ID:

18177431

Web of Science ID:

000252711700015

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.26801

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26801 (FactScience: 88760)

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