Cardiovascular risk factor control and outcomes in peripheral artery disease patients in the Reduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry

Cacoub, P.P.; Abola, M.T.; Baumgartner, I; Bhatt, D.L.; Creager, M.A.; Liau, C.S.; Goto, S; Rother, J; Steg, P.G.; Hirsch, A.T. (2008). Cardiovascular risk factor control and outcomes in peripheral artery disease patients in the Reduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry. Atherosclerosis, 204(2), e86-e92. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2008.10.023

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OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in risk factor (RF) management between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery (CAD) or cerebrovascular disease (CVD), as well as the impact of RF control on major 1-year cardiovascular (CV) event rates. METHODS: The REACH Registry recruited >68000 outpatients aged >/=45 years with established atherothrombotic disease or >/=3 RFs for atherothrombosis. The predictors of RF control that were evaluated included: (1) patient demographics, (2) mode of PAD diagnosis, and (3) concomitant CAD and/or CVD. RESULTS: RF control was less frequent in patients with PAD (n=8322), compared with those with CAD or CVD (but no PAD, n=47492) [blood pressure; glycemia; total cholesterol; smoking cessation (each P<0.001)]. Factors independently associated with optimal RF control in patients with PAD were male gender (OR=1.9); residence in North America (OR=3.5), Japan (OR=2.5) or Latin America (OR=1.5); previous coronary revascularization (OR=1.3); and statin use (OR=1.4); whereas prior leg amputation was a negative predictor (OR=0.7) (P<0.001). Optimal RF control was associated with fewer 1-year CV ischemic symptoms or events. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PAD do not achieve RF control as frequently as individuals with CAD or CVD. Improved RF control is associated with a positive impact on 1-year CV event rates.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Angiology

UniBE Contributor:

Baumgartner, Iris

ISSN:

0021-9150

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2016 10:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2008.10.023

Web of Science ID:

000241792805495

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26864 (FactScience: 91588)

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