Prognostic value of early exercise testing after coronary stent implantation

Wenaweser, Peter; Surmely, Jean-François; Windecker, Stephan; Roffi, Marco; Togni, Mario; Billinger, Michael; Cook, Stephane; Vogel, Rolf; Seiler, Christian; Hess, Otto M; Meier, Bernhard (2008). Prognostic value of early exercise testing after coronary stent implantation. American journal of cardiology, 101(6), pp. 807-811. New York, N.Y.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.10.046

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The clinical value of early exercise stress testing (EST) after coronary stenting to predict long-term clinical outcomes is unknown. Of 1,000 unselected patients who underwent coronary stenting, 446 random patients underwent early EST the day after intervention. Clinical long-term outcomes (41 +/- 20 months) were correlated with normal (n = 314 [70%]) or positive (n = 102 [23%]) EST results. Patients with inconclusive test results (n = 30 [7%]) were excluded from the analysis. Overall mortality was significantly higher in patients with positive EST results (9.3% vs 3.9%, p = 0.04). Major adverse cardiac events and cardiac mortality also tended to be higher in patients with positive stress test results (45.4% vs 35.4%, p = 0.08, and 4.1% vs 1.1%, p = 0.05, respectively). Patients with the combination of positive stress test results and incomplete revascularization appeared to be the group at highest risk for major adverse cardiac events (47.1% vs 33.3% for patients with normal stress test results and complete revascularization, p = NS). Negative stress test results reduced (odds ratio 0.329, 95% confidence interval 0.120 to 0.905, p = 0.031) and a lower ejection fraction increased (odds ratio 0.942, 95% confidence interval 0.897 to 0.989, p = 0.017) the risk for death. In conclusion, an early stress test after coronary stenting provides important prognostic information. Positive stress test results, especially in combination with incomplete revascularization, are associated with higher mortality, a trend toward more repeat revascularization procedures, and higher risk for major adverse cardiac events.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Wenaweser, Peter Martin; Windecker, Stephan; Togni, Mario; Seiler, Christian; Hess, Otto and Meier, Bernhard

ISSN:

0002-9149

ISBN:

18328845

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

11 Jul 2014 10:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.10.046

PubMed ID:

18328845

Web of Science ID:

000254024000013

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Coronary Disease,Exercise Test, Female,Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Revascularization, Prognosis, Stents, Survival Rate, Time Factors

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26960 (FactScience: 99220)

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