Prior statin use, intracranial hemorrhage, and outcome after intra-arterial thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke

Meier, Niklaus; Nedeltchev, Krassen; Brekenfeld, Caspar; Galimanis, Aekaterini; Fischer, Urs; Findling, Oliver; Remonda, Luca; Schroth, Gerhard; Mattle, Heinrich P; Arnold, Marcel (2009). Prior statin use, intracranial hemorrhage, and outcome after intra-arterial thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. Stroke, 40(5), pp. 1729-37. Baltimore, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.532473

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are only limited data on whether prior statin use and/or cholesterol levels are associated with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and outcome after intra-arterial thrombolysis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of statin pretreatment and cholesterol levels with the overall frequency of ICH, the frequency of symptomatic ICH, and clinical outcome at 3 months. METHODS: We analyzed 311 consecutive patients (mean age, 63 years; 43% women) who received intra-arterial thrombolysis. RESULTS: Statin pretreatment was present in 18%. The frequency of any ICH was 20.6% and of symptomatic ICH 4.8%. Patients with any ICH were more often taking statins (30% versus 15%, P=0.005), more often had atrial fibrillation (45% versus 30%, P=0.016), had more severe strokes (mean National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score 16.5 versus 14.7, P=0.022), and less often good collaterals (16% versus 24%, P=0.001). Patients with symptomatic ICH were more often taking statins (40% versus 15%, P=0.009) and had less often good collaterals (0% versus 24%, P<0.001). Any ICH or symptomatic ICH were not associated with cholesterol levels. After multivariate analysis, the frequency of any ICH remained independently associated with previous statin use (OR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.53 to 6.39; P=0.004), atrial fibrillation (OR, 2.5; CI, 1.35 to 4.75; P=0.004), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (OR, 1.1; CI, 1.00 to 1.10; P=0.037), and worse collaterals (OR, 1.7; CI, 1.19 to 2.42; P=0.004). There was no association of outcome with prior statin use, total cholesterol level, or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. CONCLUSIONS: Prior statin use, but not cholesterol levels on admission, is associated with a higher frequency of any ICH after intra-arterial thrombolysis without impact on outcome.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Meier, Niklaus; Brekenfeld, Caspar; Fischer, Urs; Findling, Oliver; Schroth, Gerhard; Mattle, Heinrich and Arnold, Marcel

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0039-2499

ISBN:

19265056

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

29 Dec 2017 11:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.532473

PubMed ID:

19265056

Web of Science ID:

000265579800032

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26964 (FactScience: 99284)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback