Depression and anxiety symptoms affect change in exercise capacity during cardiac rehabilitation

Egger, Evelyne; Schmid, Jean-Paul; Schmid, Raphaela Walker; Saner, Hugo; von Känel, Roland (2008). Depression and anxiety symptoms affect change in exercise capacity during cardiac rehabilitation. European journal of cardiovascular prevention & rehabilitation, 15(6), pp. 704-8. Los Angeles, Calif.: Sage 10.1097/HJR.0b013e32830eb6c5

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BACKGROUND: To study whether symptoms of depression and anxiety would affect changes in exercise capacity and body mass index (BMI) during rehabilitation. DESIGN: Comprehensive cardiac outpatient rehabilitation intervention program. METHODS: We investigated exercise capacity, BMI, and symptoms of depression and anxiety before and after cardiac rehabilitation in 114 patients with coronary artery disease. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was applied to assess symptoms of depression (HADS-D) and anxiety (HADS-A). RESULTS: Exercise capacity increased (127+/-47 vs. 144+/-51 watts, P<0.001) and symptoms of depression (4.0+/-3.6 vs. 2.7+/-2.7, P<0.001) and anxiety (5.4+/-4.4 vs. 4.1+/-3.6, P<0.001) decreased with the program, whereas BMI did not change. After controlling for covariates, HADS-D (r=-0.19, P=0.47) and HADS-A (r=0.17, P<0.09) correlated with change in exercise capacity. Change in HADS-A also correlated with that in exercise capacity (r=0.18, P<0.06). Changes in depression and anxiety were not significantly related to those in BMI. CONCLUSION: Symptoms of depression and anxiety affected change in exercise capacity during cardiac rehabilitation. Depressive symptoms may impair improvement in exercise capacity, thereby mitigating the cardiovascular benefit achieved by cardiac rehabilitation programs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology > Centre of Competence for Psychosomatic Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Schmid, Jean-Paul; Saner, Hugo and von Känel, Roland

ISSN:

1741-8267

ISBN:

18813026

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/HJR.0b013e32830eb6c5

PubMed ID:

18813026

Web of Science ID:

000262067200015

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/26995 (FactScience: 99401)

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