Preliminary results following reinforcement of the pulmonary autograft to prevent dilatation after the Ross procedure

Carrel, Thierry; Schwerzmann, Markus; Eckstein, Friedrich; Aymard, Thierry; Kadner, Alexander (2008). Preliminary results following reinforcement of the pulmonary autograft to prevent dilatation after the Ross procedure. Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 136(2), pp. 472-5. St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2008.02.004

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OBJECTIVE: The Ross operation remains a controversially discussed procedure, because concern exists regarding late dilatation of the neoaortic root and progressive regurgitation of the autograft valve. We present our early experience with an external reinforcement of the autograft, which is inserted into a prosthetic Dacron graft with an artificial aortic root configuration. This detail should help to prevent neoaortic root dilatation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2007, 12 patients (mean age 16 +/- 38 years; range 15-38 years) underwent a Ross procedure by this technique. Indications were aortic regurgitation (n = 2), aortic stenosis (n = 5), and combined aortic stenosis and insufficiency (n = 5). A bicuspid aortic valve was present in 9 patients. Balloon valvuloplasty had been performed in 7 patients. Follow-up was performed by clinical and echocardiographic examinations. RESULTS: No early or late deaths occurred in this small series, and freedom from reoperation is 100%. Echocardiographic follow-up confirmed absence of aortic insufficiency in 11 patients after a mean of 11 months (range 2-30 months). In 1 patient, a small asymmetric regurgitation jet was already observed at discharge echocardiography. As expected, no neoaortic root dilatation was observed during follow-up. All patients are in New York Heart Association class I. CONCLUSIONS: The present technique is a simple and reproducible technical step that does not require significant additional time. Inclusion of the autograft within a root prosthesis may be especially indicated in situations known for late autograft dilatation, namely, bicuspid aortic valve, predominant aortic insufficiency, and ascending aortic enlargement.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Carrel, Thierry; Schwerzmann, Markus; Eckstein, Friedrich Stefan; Aymard, Thierry and Kadner, Alexander

ISSN:

0022-5223

ISBN:

18692659

Publisher:

Mosby

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jtcvs.2008.02.004

PubMed ID:

18692659

Web of Science ID:

000258535300033

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27002 (FactScience: 99460)

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