Exercise capacity and biventricular function in adult patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot

Samman, Ahmed; Schwerzmann, Markus; Balint, Olga H; Tanous, David; Redington, Andrew; Granton, John; Siu, Samuel C; Silversides, Candice K (2008). Exercise capacity and biventricular function in adult patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. American Heart Journal, 156(1), pp. 100-5. St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.ahj.2008.02.005

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BACKGROUND: Adult patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) often have diminished exercise capacity. The primary objective of this study was to examine whether abnormalities of biventricular function play a role in exercise limitation in patients with rTOF. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 99 adult patients with rTOF. Right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) function were assessed echocardiographically using the myocardial performance index (MPI). Maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2) Max) was measured during a level 1 cardiopulmonary exercise test. RESULTS: The mean age of the cohort was 34 +/- 11 years (50% females). Although most of the patients reported good functional capacity, the peak Vo(2)max was decreased at 22 +/- 6 mL/kg per minute (66% +/- 13% predicted Vo(2)max for age and sex). The mean RV and LV MPI were 0.30 +/- 0.07 and 0.42 +/- 0.09, respectively. In the multivariate model, higher RV MPI (P = .04) and LV MPI (P = .005) values, representing impaired ventricular function, were associated with diminished Vo(2)max. There was a significant correlation between the RV and LV MPI (r = 0.54, P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: Impairment of RV and LV function, as measured by MPI, is associated with diminished exercise capacity in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. Furthermore, there is a linear relationship between the RV and LV function suggesting that ventricular interactions are contributing to the limited exercise capacity in this group of patients. Strategies aimed at preserving biventricular function or improving adverse ventricular interactions could help to improve functional capacity in these patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Schwerzmann, Markus

ISSN:

0002-8703

ISBN:

18585503

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ahj.2008.02.005

PubMed ID:

18585503

Web of Science ID:

000257329900014

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27007 (FactScience: 99526)

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