Risk prediction of fever in neutropenia in children with cancer: a step towards individually tailored supportive therapy?

Wicki, Silvia; Keisker, André; Aebi, Christoph; Leibundgut, Kurt; Hirt, Andreas; Ammann, Roland A (2008). Risk prediction of fever in neutropenia in children with cancer: a step towards individually tailored supportive therapy? Pediatric blood & cancer, 51(6), pp. 778-83. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Liss 10.1002/pbc.21726

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BACKGROUND: Fever in severe chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (FN) is the most frequent manifestation of a potentially lethal complication of current intensive chemotherapy regimens. This study aimed at establishing models predicting the risk of FN, and of FN with bacteremia, in pediatric cancer patients. METHODS: In a single-centre cohort study, characteristics potentially associated with FN and episodes of FN were retrospectively extracted from charts. Poisson regression accounting for chemotherapy exposure time was used for analysis. Prediction models were constructed based on a derivation set of two thirds of observations, and validated based on the remaining third of observations. RESULTS: In 360 pediatric cancer patients diagnosed and treated for a cumulative chemotherapy exposure time of 424 years, 629 FN were recorded (1.48 FN per patient per year, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.37-1.61), 145 of them with bacteremia (23% of FN; 0.34; 0.29-0.40). More intensive chemotherapy, shorter time since diagnosis, bone marrow involvement, central venous access device (CVAD), and prior FN were significantly and independently associated with a higher risk to develop both FN and FN with bacteremia. The prediction models explained more than 30% of the respective risks. CONCLUSIONS: The two models predicting FN and FN with bacteremia were based on five easily accessible clinical variables. Before clinical application, they need to be validated by prospective studies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Aebi, Christoph; Leibundgut, Kurt; Hirt, Andreas and Ammann, Roland

ISSN:

1545-5009

ISBN:

18726920

Publisher:

Wiley-Liss

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/pbc.21726

PubMed ID:

18726920

Web of Science ID:

000260289300013

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27154 (FactScience: 104798)

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