Variability in pain response to a non-pharmacological intervention across repeated routine pain exposure in preterm infants: a feasibility study

Cignacco, E; Denhaerynck, K; Nelle, M; Bührer, C; Engberg, S (2009). Variability in pain response to a non-pharmacological intervention across repeated routine pain exposure in preterm infants: a feasibility study. Acta paediatrica, 98(5), pp. 842-6. Oslo: Wiley 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.01203.x

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

AIM: To explore the variability in pain response in preterm infants across time who received sucrose during routine heel stick. METHOD: Single group, exploratory repeated measures design. SETTING: Two tertiary level neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in Switzerland. SUBJECTS: Nine preterm infants born between 28 2/7 and 31 4/7 weeks of gestation during their first 14 days of life. MEASUREMENTS: Pain was assessed by the Bernese Pain Scale for Neonates (BPSN), the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Salivary cortisol was analysed. RESULTS: 72-94% of the variability was within-subject variability, indicating inconsistency of pain responses across the 5 heel sticks. Interrater agreement was highest during heel sticks 1-3 and decreased during heel stick 4 and 5, indicating a possible alteration of pain patterns. No significant differences in the amount of cortisol could be detected before and after the heel sticks (p = 0.55), indicating no stress-induced peak after the painful intervention. However, a general gradual decrease of cortisol levels across time could be detected. CONCLUSION: A high variability in pain response among preterm neonates across time could be described. Consistency of cortisol levels before and after the heel sticks could indicate the effectiveness of sucrose across time.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Nelle, Mathias

ISSN:

1651-2227

ISBN:

19183121

Publisher:

Wiley

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

06 May 2015 14:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.01203.x

PubMed ID:

19183121

Web of Science ID:

000264878100017

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27223 (FactScience: 105075)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback