Modulation of chemokine gene expression by Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli belonging to various origins and serotypes

Gobert, Alain P; Coste, Alix; Guzman, Carlos A; Vareille, Marjolaine; Hindré, Thomas; de Sablet, Thibaut; Girardeau, Jean-Pierre; Martin, Christine (2008). Modulation of chemokine gene expression by Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli belonging to various origins and serotypes. Microbes and infection, 10(2), pp. 159-65. Paris: Elsevier Masson SAS 10.1016/j.micinf.2007.10.018

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Infection with Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) may result in the development of the haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), the main cause of acute renal failure in children. While O157:H7 STEC are associated with large outbreaks of HUS, it is difficult to predict whether a non-O157:H7 isolate can be pathogenic for humans. The mucosal innate immune response plays a central role in the pathogenesis of HUS; therefore, we compared the induction of IL-8 and CCL20 in human colon epithelial cells infected with strains belonging to different serotypes, isolated from cattle or from HUS patients. No correlation was observed between strain virulence and chemokine gene expression. Rather, the genetic background of the strains seems to determine the chemokine gene expression profile. Investigating the contribution of different bacterial factors in this process, we show that the type III secretion system of O157:H7 bacteria, but not the intimate adhesion, is required to stimulate the cells. In addition, H7, H10, and H21 flagellins are potent inducers of chemokine gene expression when synthesized in large amount.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Vareille, Marjolaine

ISSN:

1286-4579

ISBN:

18248761

Publisher:

Elsevier Masson SAS

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.micinf.2007.10.018

PubMed ID:

18248761

Web of Science ID:

000254785400008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27252 (FactScience: 105165)

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