A novel enzyme immunoassay specific for ABCA1 protein quantification in human tissues and cells

Paul, Vijay; Meyer Heinrich, H D; Leidl, Katharina; Soumian, Soni; Albrecht, Christiane (2008). A novel enzyme immunoassay specific for ABCA1 protein quantification in human tissues and cells. Journal of lipid research, 49(10), pp. 2259-67. Bethesda, Md.: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ASBMB 10.1194/jlr.D700040-JLR200

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ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates the transport of cholesterol and phospholipids from cells to lipid-poor HDL and maintains cellular lipid homeostasis. Impaired ABCA1 function plays a role in lipid disorders, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, and metabolic disorders. Despite the clinical importance of ABCA1, no method is available for quantifying ABCA1 protein. We developed a sensitive indirect competitive ELISA for measuring ABCA1 protein in human tissues using a commercial ABCA1 peptide and a polyclonal anti-ABCA1 antibody. The ELISA has a detection limit of 8 ng/well (0.08 mg/l) with a working range of 9-1000 ng/well (0.09-10 mg/l). Intra- and interassay coefficient of variations (CVs) were 6.4% and 9.6%, respectively. Good linearity (r = 0.97-0.99) was recorded in serial dilutions of human arterial and placental crude membrane preparations, and fibroblast lysates. The ELISA measurements for ABCA1 quantification in reference arterial tissues corresponded well with immunoblot analysis. The assay performance and clinical utility was evaluated with arterial tissues obtained from 15 controls and 44 patients with atherosclerotic plaques. ABCA1 protein concentrations in tissue lysates were significantly lower in patients (n = 24) as compared with controls (n = 5; 9.37 +/- 0.82 vs. 17.03 +/- 4.25 microg/g tissue; P < 0.01). The novel ELISA enables the quantification of ABCA1 protein in human tissues and confirms previous semiquantitative immunoblot results.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Albrecht, Christiane

ISSN:

0022-2275

ISBN:

18541924

Publisher:

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ASBMB

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1194/jlr.D700040-JLR200

PubMed ID:

18541924

Web of Science ID:

000259201300020

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27277 (FactScience: 105873)

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