Early loading of sandblasted and acid-etched implants: a randomized-controlled double-blind split-mouth study. Five-year results

Roccuzzo, Mario; Aglietta, Marco; Bunino, Marco; Bonino, Luca (2008). Early loading of sandblasted and acid-etched implants: a randomized-controlled double-blind split-mouth study. Five-year results. Clinical oral implants research, 19(2), pp. 148-52. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2007.01426.x

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OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present split-mouth study is to assess the peri-implant conditions around early-loaded sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA) implants, 5 years after abutment connection and to compare, in the same patients, the results obtained with a standard protocol using identical implants with a TPS surface. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surgical procedure was performed by the same operator and was identical at test (SLA) and control (TPS) sites, in 32 healthy patients. Abutment connection was carried out at 35 N cm 6 weeks postsurgery for test sites and 12 weeks for the controls. Patients were seen regularly, for control and professional cleaning. At 60 months, clinical measures and radiographic bone changes were recorded by the same operator, blind to the type of surface of the implant, on 27 patients, as five patients were lost to follow-up. RESULTS: A total number of 106 implants were examined. No implant was lost. No significant differences were found with respect to the presence of plaque [modified plaque index (mPI) 0.27+/-0.56 vs. 0.32+/-0.54], bleeding on probing (29% vs. 32%), mean pocket depth (3.2+/-1 vs. 3.2+/-1 mm) or mean marginal bone loss (0.32+/-1.04 vs. 0.44+/-1.12 mm) between test and control. Four implants that presented 'spinning' at the time of abutment connection presented no significant differences from the rest of the test sites. CONCLUSION: The results of this prospective study confirm that SLA implants, under defined conditions, are suitable for early loading at 6 weeks in both the mandible and the maxilla. Limited implant spinning, occasionally found at abutment connection, produces no detrimental effect on the clinical outcome when properly handled.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Aglietta, Marco








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:17

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:



https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27353 (FactScience: 106340)

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