Isolated vertebral fractures give elevated serum protein S-100B levels

Benneker, LM; Leitner, C; Martinolli, L; Kretschmer, R; Zimmermann, H; Exadaktylos, AK (2008). Isolated vertebral fractures give elevated serum protein S-100B levels. Scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine, 16(1), p. 13. London: BioMed Central 10.1186/1757-7241-16-13

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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Serum protein S-100B determinations have been widely proposed in the past as markers of traumatic brain injury and used as a predictor of injury severity and outcome. The purpose of this prospective observational case series was therefore to determine S-100B serum levels in patients with isolated injuries to the back. METHODS: Between 1 February and 1 May 2008, serum samples for S-100B analysis were obtained within 1 hour of injury from 285 trauma patients. All patients with a head injury, polytrauma, and intoxicated patients were excluded to select isolated injuries to the spine. 19 patients with isolated injury of the back were included. Serum samples for S-100B analysis and CT spine were obtained within 1 hours of injury. RESULTS: CT scans showed vertebral fractures in 12 of the 19 patients (63%). All patients with fractures had elevated S-100B levels. Amongst the remaining 7 patients without a fracture, only one patient with a severe spinal contusion had an S-100B concentration above the reference limit. The mean S-100B value of the group with fractures was more than 4 times higher than in the group without fractures (0.385 vs 0.087 mug/L, p = 0.0097). CONCLUSION: Our data, although limited due to a very small sample size, suggest that S-100B serum levels might be useful for the diagnosis of acute vertebral body and spinal cord injury with a high negative predictive power. According to the literature, the highest levels of serum S-100B are found when large bones are fractured. If a large prospective study confirms our findings, determining the S-100B level may contribute to more selective use of CT and MRI in spinal trauma.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center

UniBE Contributor:

Benneker, Lorin Michael, Leitner, Christoph, Martinolli, Luca, Zimmermann, Heinz (B), Exadaktylos, Aristomenis






BioMed Central




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:33

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URI: (FactScience: 107489)

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