Performance of vertebral cancellous bone augmented with compliant PMMA under dynamic loads

Boger, A; Bohner, M; Heini, P; Schwieger, K; Schneider, E (2008). Performance of vertebral cancellous bone augmented with compliant PMMA under dynamic loads. Acta biomaterialia, 4(6), pp. 1688-93. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.actbio.2008.06.019

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Increased fracture risk has been reported for the adjacent vertebral bodies after vertebroplasty. This increase has been partly attributed to the high Young's modulus of commonly used polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Therefore, a compliant bone cement of PMMA with a bulk modulus closer to the apparent modulus of cancellous bone has been produced. This compliant bone cement was achieved by introducing pores in the cement. Due to the reduced failure strength of that porous PMMA cement, cancellous bone augmented with such cement could deteriorate under dynamic loading. The aim of the present study was to assess the potential of acute failure, particle generation and mechanical properties of cancellous bone augmented with this compliant cement in comparison to regular cement. For this purpose, vertebral biopsies were augmented with porous- and regular PMMA bone cement, submitted to dynamic tests and compression to failure. Changes in Young's modulus and height due to dynamic loading were determined. Afterwards, yield strength and Young's modulus were determined by compressive tests to failure and compared to the individual composite materials. No failure occurred and no particle generation could be observed during dynamical testing for both groups. Height loss was significantly higher for the porous cement composite (0.53+/-0.21%) in comparison to the biopsies augmented with regular cement (0.16+/-0.1%). Young's modulus of biopsies augmented with porous PMMA was comparable to cancellous bone or porous cement alone (200-700 MPa). The yield strength of those biopsies (21.1+/-4.1 MPa) was around two times higher than for porous cement alone (11.6+/-3.3 MPa).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Heini, Paul Ferdinand

ISSN:

1742-7061

ISBN:

18678533

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.actbio.2008.06.019

PubMed ID:

18678533

Web of Science ID:

000261253400012

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27494 (FactScience: 107899)

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