Impact of working memory training on memory performance in old-old adults

Buschkuehl, Martin; Jaeggi, Susanne M; Hutchison, Sara; Perrig-Chiello, Pasqualina; Däpp, Christoph; Müller, Matthias; Breil, Fabio; Hoppeler, Hans; Perrig, Walter J. (2008). Impact of working memory training on memory performance in old-old adults. Psychology and aging, 23(4), pp. 743-753. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association 10.1037/a0014342

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Memory impairments constitute an increasing objective and subjective problem with advancing age. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of working memory training on memory performance. The authors trained a sample of 80-year-old adults twice weekly over a time period of 3 months. Participants were tested on 4 different memory measures before, immediately after, and 1 year after training completion. The authors found overall increased memory performance in the experimental group compared to an active control group immediately after training completion. This increase was especially pronounced in visual working memory performance and, to a smaller degree, also in visual episodic memory. No group differences were found 1 year after training completion. The results indicate that even in old?old adults, brain plasticity is strong enough to result in transfer effects, that is, performance increases in tasks that were not trained during the intervention.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Functional Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology

UniBE Contributor:

Buschkühl, Martin; Jäggi, Susanne; Hutchison, Sara; Däpp, Christoph; Müller, Matthias; Breil, Fabio; Hoppeler, Hans-Heinrich and Perrig, Walter

ISSN:

0882-7974

ISBN:

19140646

Publisher:

American Psychological Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

11 Jul 2014 13:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1037/a0014342

PubMed ID:

19140646

Web of Science ID:

000261988000008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27542 (FactScience: 108776)

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