Postoperative hypoesthesia and pain: qualitative assessment after open and laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair

Beldi, G; Haupt, N; Ipaktchi, R; Wagner, M; Candinas, D (2008). Postoperative hypoesthesia and pain: qualitative assessment after open and laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Surgical endoscopy and other interventional techniques, 22(1), pp. 129-33. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00464-007-9388-4

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BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is an important outcome variable after inguinal hernia repair that is generally not assessed by objective methods. The aim of this study was to objectively investigate chronic pain and hypoesthesia after inguinal hernia repair using three types of operation: open suture, open mesh, and laparoscopic. METHODS: A total of 96 patients were included in the study with a median follow-up of 4.7 years. Open suture repair was performed in 40 patients (group A), open mesh repair in 20 patients (group B), and laparoscopic repair in 36 patients (group C). Hypoesthesia and pain were assessed using von Frey monofilaments. Quality of life was investigated with Short Form 36. RESULTS: Pain occurring at least once a week was found in 7 (17.5%) patients of group A, in 5 (25%) patients of group B, and in 6 (16.6%) patients of group C. Area and intensity of hyposensibility were increased significantly after open nonmesh and mesh repair compared to those after laparoscopy (p = 0.01). Hyposensibility in patients who had laparoscopic hernia repair was significantly associated with postoperative pain (p = 0.03). Type of postoperative pain was somatic in 19 (61%), neuropathic in 9 (29%), and visceral in 3 (10%) patients without significant differences between the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of hypoesthesia in patients who had laparoscopic hernia repair is significantly lower than in those who had open hernia repair. Hypoesthesia after laparoscopic but not after open repair is significantly associated with postoperative pain. Von Frey monofilaments are important tools for the assessment of inguinal hypoesthesia and pain in patients who had inguinal hernia repair allowing quantitative and qualitative comparison between various surgical techniques.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Beldi, Guido; Ipaktchi, Ramin; Wagner, Markus and Candinas, Daniel

ISSN:

0930-2794

ISBN:

1432-2218 (Electroni

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:04

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 13:53

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00464-007-9388-4

Web of Science ID:

000252427000022

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.27700

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27700 (FactScience: 110175)

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