The vascular ectonucleotidase CD39 is permissive for sinusoidal endothelial cell proliferation during liver regeneration: evidence for synergism between growth factors and extracellular nucleotides

Beldi, Guido; Yan, Wu; Sun, Xiaofeng; Imai, Masato; Enjyoji, Keiichi; Zimmermann, Herbert; Candinas, Daniel; Robson, Simon C (2007). The vascular ectonucleotidase CD39 is permissive for sinusoidal endothelial cell proliferation during liver regeneration: evidence for synergism between growth factors and extracellular nucleotides. In: 94. Jahreskongress der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie. Lausanne, Switzerland. 13.–15.6.2007.

Crosstalk between elements of the sinusoidal vasculature, platelets and hepatic parenchymal cells influences regenerative responses to liver injury and/or resection. Such paracrine interactions include hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), IL-6 and small molecules such as serotonin and nucleotides. CD39 (nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1) is the dominant vascular ectonucleotidase expressed on the luminal surface of endothelial cells and modulates extracellular nucleotide signaling. We have previously shown that integrity of P2-receptors, as maintained by CD39, is required for angiogenesis in Matrigel plugs in vivo and that there is synergism between nucleotide P2-receptor- and growth factor-mediated cell proliferation in vitro. We have now explored effects of CD39 on liver regeneration and vascular endothelial growth factor responses in a standard small animal model of partial hepatectomy. The expression of CD39 on liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSEC) is substantially boosted during liver regeneration. This transcriptional upregulation precedes maximal sinusoidal endothelial cell proliferation, noted at day 5-8 in C57BL6 wild type mice. In matched mutant mice null for CD39 (n=14), overall survival is decreased to 71% by day 10. Increased lethality occurs as a consequence of extensive LSEC apoptosis, decreased endothelial proliferation and failure of angiogenesis leading to hepatic infarcts and regenerative failure in mutant mice. This aberrant vascular remodeling is associated with biochemical liver injury, elevated serum levels of VEGF (113.9 vs. 65.5pg/ml, p=0.013), and decreased circulating HGF (0.89 vs. 1.43 ng/ml, p=0.001) in mice null for CD39. In agreement with these observations, wild type LSEC but not CD39 null cultures upregulate HGF expression and secretion in response to exogenous VEGF in vitro. CD39 null LSEC cultures show poor proliferation responses and heightened levels of apoptosis when contrasted to wild type LSEC where agonists of P2Y receptors augment cell proliferation in the presence of growth factors. These observations are associated with features of P2Y-desensitization, normal levels of the receptor tyrosine kinase VEGFR-1 (Flt-1) and decreased expression of VEGFR-2 (FLK/KDR) in CD39 null LSEC cultures. We provide evidence that CD39 and extracellular nucleotides impact upon growth factor responses and tyrosine receptor kinases during LSEC proliferation. We propose that CD39 expression by LSEC might co-ordinate angiogenesis-independent liver protection by facilitating VEGF-induced paracrine release of HGF to promote vascular remodeling in liver regeneration.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Viszeralchirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Viszeralchirurgie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Beldi, Guido and Candinas, Daniel

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:04

Last Modified:

26 Apr 2017 02:27

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27704 (FactScience: 110183)

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