Subject-ventilator synchrony during neural versus pneumatically triggered non-invasive helmet ventilation

Moerer, Onnen; Beck, Jennifer; Brander, Lukas; Costa, Roberta; Quintel, Michael; Slutsky, Arthur S; Brunet, Fabrice; Sinderby, Christer (2008). Subject-ventilator synchrony during neural versus pneumatically triggered non-invasive helmet ventilation. Intensive care medicine, 34(9), pp. 1615-23. Berlin: Springer 10.1007/s00134-008-1163-z

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OBJECTIVE: Patient-ventilator synchrony during non-invasive pressure support ventilation with the helmet device is often compromised when conventional pneumatic triggering and cycling-off were used. A possible solution to this shortcoming is to replace the pneumatic triggering with neural triggering and cycling-off-using the diaphragm electrical activity (EA(di)). This signal is insensitive to leaks and to the compliance of the ventilator circuit. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blinded, experimental study. SETTING: University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS AND SUBJECTS: Seven healthy human volunteers. INTERVENTIONS: Pneumatic triggering and cycling-off were compared to neural triggering and cycling-off during NIV delivered with the helmet. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Triggering and cycling-off delays, wasted efforts, and breathing comfort were determined during restricted breathing efforts (<20% of voluntary maximum EA(di)) with various combinations of pressure support (PSV) (5, 10, 20 cm H(2)O) and respiratory rates (10, 20, 30 breath/min). During pneumatic triggering and cycling-off, the subject-ventilator synchrony was progressively more impaired with increasing respiratory rate and levels of PSV (p < 0.001). During neural triggering and cycling-off, effect of increasing respiratory rate and levels of PSV on subject-ventilator synchrony was minimal. Breathing comfort was higher during neural triggering than during pneumatic triggering (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates in healthy subjects that subject-ventilator synchrony, trigger effort, and breathing comfort with a helmet interface are considerably less impaired during increasing levels of PSV and respiratory rates with neural triggering and cycling-off, compared to conventional pneumatic triggering and cycling-off.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Brander, Lukas

ISSN:

0342-4642

ISBN:

18512045

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:04

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00134-008-1163-z

PubMed ID:

18512045

Web of Science ID:

000258562800011

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27830 (FactScience: 112362)

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