Common and unexpected findings in mummies from ancient Egypt and South America as revealed by CT

Jackowski, Christian; Bolliger, Stephan; Thali, Michael J (2008). Common and unexpected findings in mummies from ancient Egypt and South America as revealed by CT. Radiographics, 28(5), pp. 1477-92. Easton, Pa.: Radiological Society of North America RSNA 10.1148/rg.285075112

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Computed tomography (CT) has proved to be a valuable investigative tool for mummy research and is the method of choice for examining mummies. It allows for noninvasive insight, especially with virtual endoscopy, which reveals detailed information about the mummy's sex, age, constitution, injuries, health, and mummification techniques used. CT also supplies three-dimensional information about the scanned object. Mummification processes can be summarized as "artificial," when the procedure was performed on a body with the aim of preservation, or as "natural," when the body's natural environment resulted in preservation. The purpose of artificial mummification was to preserve that person's morphologic features by delaying or arresting the decay of the body. The ancient Egyptians are most famous for this. Their use of evisceration followed by desiccation with natron (a compound of sodium salts) to halt putrefaction and prevent rehydration was so effective that their embalmed bodies have survived for nearly 4500 years. First, the body was cleaned with a natron solution; then internal organs were removed through the cribriform plate and abdomen. The most important, and probably the most lengthy, phase was desiccation. After the body was dehydrated, the body cavities were rinsed and packed to restore the body's former shape. Finally, the body was wrapped. Animals were also mummified to provide food for the deceased, to accompany the deceased as pets, because they were seen as corporal manifestations of deities, and as votive offerings. Artificial mummification was performed on every continent, especially in South and Central America.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Imaging
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Jackowski, Christian; Bolliger, Stephan and Thali, Michael

ISSN:

0271-5333

ISBN:

18794321

Publisher:

Radiological Society of North America RSNA

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:04

Last Modified:

16 Jul 2014 15:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1148/rg.285075112

PubMed ID:

18794321

Web of Science ID:

000259454600023

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27917 (FactScience: 113656)

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