Interferon-beta stabilizes barrier characteristics of the blood-brain barrier in four different species in vitro

Kraus, J; Voigt, K; Schuller, A M; Scholz, M; Kim, K S; Schilling, M; Schäbitz, W R; Oschmann, P; Engelhardt, B (2008). Interferon-beta stabilizes barrier characteristics of the blood-brain barrier in four different species in vitro. Multiple sclerosis journal, 14(6), pp. 843-52. London: Sage 10.1177/1352458508088940

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

BACKGROUND: Blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown is an early event in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). In a previous study we have found a direct stabilization of barrier characteristics after treatment of bovine brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) with human recombinant interferon-beta-1a (IFN-beta-1a) in an in vitro BBB model. In the present study we examined the effect of human recombinant IFN-beta-1a on the barrier properties of BCECs derived from four different species including humans to predict treatment efficacy of IFN-beta-1a in MS patients. METHODS: We used primary bovine and porcine BCECs, as well as human and murine BCEC cell lines. We investigated the influence of human recombinant IFN-beta-1a on the paracellular permeability for 3H-inulin and 14C-sucrose across monolayers of bovine, human, and murine BCECs. In addition, the transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) was determined in in vitro systems applying porcine and murine BCECS. RESULTS: We found a stabilizing effect on the barrier characteristics of BCECs after pretreatment with IFN-beta-1a in all applied in vitro models: addition of IFN-beta-1a resulted in a significant decrease of the paracellular permeability across monolayers of human, bovine, and murine BCECs. Furthermore, the TEER was significantly increased after pretreatment of porcine and murine BCECs with IFN-beta-1a. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that BBB stabilization by IFN-beta-1a may contribute to its beneficial effects in the treatment of MS. A human in vitro BBB model might be useful as bioassay for testing the treatment efficacy of drugs in MS.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Engelhardt, Britta










Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:20

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:


URI: (FactScience: 118498)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback