Pericyte migration: a novel mechanism of pericyte loss in experimental diabetic retinopathy

Pfister, Frederick; Feng, Yuxi; vom Hagen, Franziska; Hoffmann, Sigrid; Molema, Grietje; Hillebrands, Jan-Luuk; Shani, Moshe; Deutsch, Urban; Hammes, Hans-Peter (2008). Pericyte migration: a novel mechanism of pericyte loss in experimental diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes, 57(9), pp. 2495-502. Alexandria, Va.: American Diabetes Association 10.2337/db08-0325

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OBJECTIVE: The mechanism underlying pericyte loss during incipient diabetic retinopathy remains controversial. Hyperglycemia induces angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) transcription, which modulates capillary pericyte coverage. In this study, we assessed loss of pericyte subgroups and the contribution of Ang-2 to pericyte migration. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Numbers of total pericytes and their subgroups were quantified in retinal digest preparations of spontaneous diabetic XLacZ mice. Pericytes were divided into subgroups according to their localization, their position relative to adjacent endothelial cells, and the expression of LacZ. The contribution of Ang-2 to pericyte migration was assessed in Ang-2 overexpressing (mOpsinhAng2) and deficient (Ang2LacZ) mice. RESULTS: Pericyte numbers were reduced by 16% (P < 0.01) in XLacZ mice after 6 months of diabetes. Reduction of pericytes was restricted to pericytes on straight capillaries (relative reduction 27%, P < 0.05) and was predominantly observed in LacZ-positive pericytes (-20%, P < 0.01). Hyperglycemia increased the numbers of migrating pericytes (69%; P < 0.05), of which the relative increase due to diabetes was exclusively in LacZ-negative pericytes, indicating reduced adherence to the capillaries (176%; P < 0.01). Overexpression of Ang-2 in nondiabetic retinas mimicked diabetic pericyte migration of wild-type animals (78%; P < 0.01). Ang-2 deficient mice completely lacked hyperglycemia-induced increase in pericyte migration compared with wild-type littermates. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetic pericyte loss is the result of pericyte migration, and this process is modulated by the Ang-Tie system.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Deutsch, Urban

ISSN:

0012-1797

ISBN:

18559662

Publisher:

American Diabetes Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:20

Publisher DOI:

10.2337/db08-0325

PubMed ID:

18559662

Web of Science ID:

000258869000028

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28203 (FactScience: 118532)

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