Outcome and quality of life in patients treated for abdominal aortic aneurysms: a single center experience

Dick, Florian; Grobéty, Véronique; Immer, Franz F; Do, Dai Do; Savolainen, Hannu; Carrel, Thierry P; Schmidli, Jürg (2008). Outcome and quality of life in patients treated for abdominal aortic aneurysms: a single center experience. World journal of surgery, 32(6), pp. 987-94. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00268-008-9565-1

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BACKGROUND: Durability of protection and long-term quality of life (QoL) are critical outcome parameters of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. The aim of the present study was to compare results of endovascular and open aneurysm repair (EVAR and OR) with adjusted standard populations, including stratification for urgency of presentation. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 401 consecutive patients presenting with AAA between January 1998 and December 2002. Cross-sectional follow up was 58 +/- 29 months. Patients were grouped into three cohorts: elective EVAR (n = 68), elective OR (n = 244), and emergency OR (including symptomatic and ruptured AAA, n = 89). Endpoints were perioperative (i.e., 30 days or in-hospital) and late mortality rates, as well as long-term QoL as assessed by the Short Form health survey questionnaire (SF-36). RESULTS: Mean age was lower in the elective OR cohort (66 +/- 10 years) than in the EVAR cohort (72 +/- 7 years; p < .05). Perioperative mortality rates were 4.4%, 0.4%, and 10.1%, for the EVAR, elective OR, and emergency OR cohorts, respectively (p < .05). Corresponding cumulative survival rates after 4 years were 67%, 89%, and 69%, respectively. Long-term QoL SF-36 scores were in all cohorts similar to age- and gender-adjusted standard populations, which score between 85 and 115: 99.6 +/- 35.8 (EVAR), 101.3 +/- 32.4 (elective OR), and 100.4 +/- 36.5 (emergency OR). CONCLUSIONS: Long-term QoL is not permanently impaired after AAA repair, but returns in long-term survivors to what would be expected in a standard population. In this respect, differences were found neither between EVAR and OR, nor between elective and emergency repair. Perioperative mortality rates were highest in patients undergoing emergency OR. The outlook for such patients after the perioperative period, however, was similar to that for patients undergoing elective repair.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Angiology

UniBE Contributor:

Dick, Florian; Immer, Franz F.; Do, Dai-Do; Savolainen, Hannu Olavi; Carrel, Thierry and Schmidli, Jürg

ISSN:

0364-2313

ISBN:

18373116

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 08:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00268-008-9565-1

PubMed ID:

18373116

Web of Science ID:

000256036900007

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.28278

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28278 (FactScience: 119528)

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