Arterial access through the right subclavian artery in surgery of the aortic arch improves neurologic outcome and mid-term quality of life

Immer, Franz F; Moser, Barbara; Krähenbühl, Eva S; Englberger, Lars; Stalder, Mario; Eckstein, Friedrich S; Carrel, Thierry (2008). Arterial access through the right subclavian artery in surgery of the aortic arch improves neurologic outcome and mid-term quality of life. Annals of thoracic surgery, 85(5), 1614-8; discussion 1618. New York, N.Y.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2007.11.027

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BACKGROUND: We have shown that selective antegrade cerebral perfusion improves mid-term quality of life in patients undergoing surgical repair for acute type A aortic dissection and aortic aneurysms. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of continuous cerebral perfusion through the right subclavian artery on immediate outcome and quality of life. METHODS: Perioperative data of 567 consecutive patients who underwent surgery of the aortic arch using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest have been analyzed. Patients were divided into three groups, according to the management of cerebral protection. Three hundred eighty-seven patients (68.3%) had deep hypothermic circulatory arrest with pharmacologic protection with pentothal only, 91 (16.0%) had selective antegrade cerebral perfusion and pentothal, and 89 (15.7%) had continuous cerebral perfusion through the right subclavian artery and pentothal. All in-hospital data were assessed, and quality of life was analyzed prospectively 2.4 +/- 1.2 years after surgery with the Short Form-36 Health Survey Questionnaire. RESULTS: Major perioperative cerebrovascular injuries were observed in 1.1% of the patients with continuous cerebral perfusion through the right subclavian artery, compared with 9.8% with selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (p < 0.001) and 6.5% in the group with no antegrade cerebral perfusion (p = 0.007). Average quality of life after an arrest time between 30 and 50 minutes with continuous cerebral perfusion through the right subclavian artery was significantly better than selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (90.2 +/- 12.1 versus 74.4 +/- 40.7; p = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous cerebral perfusion through the right subclavian artery improves considerably perioperative brain protection during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Irreversible perioperative neurologic complications can be significantly reduced and duration of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest can be extended up to 50 minutes without impairment in quality of life.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Immer, Franz F.; Roost, Eva; Englberger, Lars; Stalder, Mario; Eckstein, Friedrich Stefan and Carrel, Thierry

ISSN:

0003-4975

ISBN:

18442549

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.athoracsur.2007.11.027

PubMed ID:

18442549

Web of Science ID:

000255319900016

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28289 (FactScience: 119562)

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