Concurrent activation of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors is required to evoke neural and behavioral phenotypes of cocaine sensitization

Capper-Loup, Christine; Canales, Juan J; Kadaba, Neena; Graybiel, Ann M (2002). Concurrent activation of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors is required to evoke neural and behavioral phenotypes of cocaine sensitization. Journal of neuroscience, 22(14), pp. 6218-27. Washington, D.C.: Society for Neuroscience

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Repeated exposure to psychomotor stimulants produces a striking behavioral syndrome involving repetitive, stereotypic behaviors that occur if an additional exposure to the stimulant is experienced. The same stimulant exposure produces specific alterations in gene expression patterns in the striatum. To identify the dopamine receptor subtypes required for the parallel expression of these acquired neural and behavioral responses, we treated rats with different D1-class and D2-class dopamine receptor agonists and compared the responses of drug-naive rats with those of rats given previous intermittent treatment with cocaine. In rats exposed to repeated cocaine treatment, the effects of a subsequent challenge treatment with either a D1-class agonist (SKF 81297) or a D2-class agonist (quinpirole) were not significantly different from those observed in drug-naive animals: the drugs administered singly did not induce robust stereotyped motor behaviors nor produce significantly striosome-predominant expression of early genes in the striatum. In contrast, challenge treatment with the D1-class and D2-class agonists in combination led to marked and correlated increases in stereotypy and striosome-predominant gene expression in the striatum. Thus, immediately after repeated psychomotor stimulant exposure, only the concurrent activation of D1 and D2 receptor subclasses evoked expression of the neural and behavioral phenotypes acquired through repeated cocaine exposure. These findings suggest that D1-D2 dopamine receptor synergisms underlie the coordinate expression of both network-level changes in basal ganglia activation patterns and the repetitive and stereotypic motor response patterns characteristic of psychomotor stimulant sensitization.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Capper, Christine






Society for Neuroscience




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:20

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URI: (FactScience: 120544)

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