IVIg dose increase in multifocal motor neuropathy: a prospective six month follow-up

Baumann, Andreas; Hess, Christian W; Sturzenegger, Matthias (2009). IVIg dose increase in multifocal motor neuropathy: a prospective six month follow-up. Journal of neurology, 256(4), pp. 608-14. Heidelberg: Steinkopff-Verlag 10.1007/s00415-009-0130-0

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In this prospective, non-randomized 6-month observational study we evaluated the efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) dose increase in patients with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). Diagnosis according to AAEM criteria, repetitive IVIg treatment for at least one year, persistent paresis and conduction block, stable symptoms and findings for at least six months were inclusion criteria. Nine patients (7 men) were identified and approved to standardized increase of IVIg dose. Patients were monitored using clinical scores and electrophysiological studies. Dose was increased from a baseline of 0.5 g/kg per month [mean, range: 0.1-1.1], given at variable intervals [4-12 weeks] to 1.2 g/kg per month given over 3 consecutive days planned for 6 cycles. If the patients' motor function did not improve after two cycles they entered step two: Dose was increased to 2 g/kg per month given over 5 consecutive days. The increased dose was maintained for 6 months. Assessments were performed by the same investigator, not involved in the patient's management, at baseline, after 2 and after 6 months. Following dose increase, motor function significantly improved in 6 patients (p = 0.014), 2 patients entered step two, 1 patient withdrew due to absent efficacy. Higher doses of IVIg caused more side effects, however, transient and rarely severe (p = 0.014). IVIg dose increase may improve motor functions in patients with stable MMN on long-term IVIg therapy independent of baseline dose. Improvement of motor function was associated with shorter disease duration (p = 0.008), but not with degree of muscle atrophy (p = 0.483). The treatment strategy to try to find the lowest effective dose and the longest tolerated interval might lead to underdosing in the long-term in many patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Hess, Christian Walter and Sturzenegger, Matthias

ISSN:

0340-5354

ISBN:

19367358

Publisher:

Steinkopff-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 14:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00415-009-0130-0

PubMed ID:

19367358

Web of Science ID:

000266091300011

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.28429

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28429 (FactScience: 120723)

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