Models with Plants, Microorganisms and Viruses for Basic Research in Homeopathy

Betti, Lucietta; Trebbi, Grazia; Nani, Daniele; Majewsky, Vera; Scherr, Claudia; Jäger, Tim; Baumgartner, Stephan (2008). Models with Plants, Microorganisms and Viruses for Basic Research in Homeopathy. In: Bonamin, Leoni Villano (ed.) Signals and Images (pp. 97-111). Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 10.1007/978-1-4020-8535-2_7

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Most criticism about homeopathy concerns the lack of a scientific basis and theoretical models. In order to be accepted as a valid part of medical practice, a wellstructured research strategy for homeopathy is needed. This is often hampered by methodological problems as well as by gross underinvestment in the required academic resources. Fundamental research could make important contributions to our understanding of the homeopathic and high dilutions mechanisms of action.

Since the pioneering works of Kolisko on wheat germination (Kolisko, 1923) and Junker on growth of microorganisms (paramecium, yeast, fungi) (Junker, 1928), a number of experiments have been performed either with healthy organisms (various physiological aspects of growth) or with artificially diseased organisms, which may react more markedly to homeopathic treatments than healthy ones. In the latter case, the preliminary stress may be either abiotic, e.g. heavy metals, or biotic, e.g. fungal and viral pathogens or nematode infection. Research has also been carried out into the applicability of homeopathic principles to crop growth and disease control (agrohomeopathy): because of the extreme dilutions used, the environmental impact is low and such treatments are well suited to the holistic approach of sustainable agriculture (Betti et al., 2006). Unfortunately, as Scofield reported in an extensive critical review (Scofield, 1984), there is little firm evidence to support the reliability of the reported results, due to poor experimental methodology and inadequate statistical analysis. Moreover, since there is no agricultural homeopathic pharmacopoeia, much work is required to find suitable remedies, potencies and dose levels.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of Complementary and Integrative Medicine (IKIM)

UniBE Contributor:

Majewsky, Vera; Scherr, Claudia; Jäger, Tim Raymund and Baumgartner, Stephan


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Springer Verlag




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

07 Dec 2013 23:23

Publisher DOI:


URI: (FactScience: 120968)

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