Long-term outcome of acute spinal cord ischemia syndrome

Nedeltchev, Krassen; Loher, Thomas J; Stepper, Frank; Arnold, Marcel; Schroth, Gerhard; Mattle, Heinrich P; Sturzenegger, Matthias (2004). Long-term outcome of acute spinal cord ischemia syndrome. Stroke, 35(2), pp. 560-5. Baltimore, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1161/01.STR.0000111598.78198.EC

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Current knowledge of long-term outcome in patients with acute spinal cord ischemia syndrome (ASCIS) is based on few studies with small sample sizes and <2 years' follow-up. Therefore, we analyzed clinical features and outcome of all types of ASCIS to define predictors of recovery. METHODS: From January 1990 through October 2002, 57 patients with ASCIS were admitted to our center. Follow-up data were available for 54. Neurological syndrome and initial degree of impairment were defined according to American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA)/International Medical Society of Paraplegia criteria. Functional outcome was assessed by walking ability and bladder control. RESULTS: Mean age was 59.4 years; 29 were women; and mean follow-up was 4.5 years. The origin was atherosclerosis in 33.3%, aortic pathology in 15.8%, degenerative spine disease in 15.8%, cardiac embolism in 3.5%, systemic hypotension in 1.8%, epidural anesthesia in 1.8%, and cryptogenic in 28%. The initial motor deficit was severe in 30% (ASIA grades A and B), moderate in 28% (ASIA C), and mild in 42% (ASIA D). At follow-up, 41% had regained full walking ability, 30% were able to walk with aids, 20% were wheelchair bound, and 9% had died. Severe initial impairment (ASIA A and B) and female sex were independent predictors of unfavorable outcome (P=0.012 and P=0.043). CONCLUSIONS: Considering a broad spectrum of clinical presentations and origins, the outcome in our study was more favorable than in previous studies reporting on ASCIS subgroups with more severe initial deficits.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Strasser, Maja Christine






Lippincott Williams & Wilkins




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:20

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PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:



https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28501 (FactScience: 121012)

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