Duplex sonographic criteria for measuring carotid stenoses

Staikov, Ivan N; Nedeltchev, Krassen; Arnold, Marcel; Remonda, Luca; Schroth, Gerhard; Sturzenegger, Matthias; Herrmann, Cornelia; Rivoir, Anita; Mattle, Heinrich P (2002). Duplex sonographic criteria for measuring carotid stenoses. Journal of clinical ultrasound, 30(5), pp. 275-81. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/jcu.10078

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PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to determine optimal duplex sonographic criteria for use in our institution for diagnosing severe carotid stenoses and to correlate those findings with angiographic measurements obtained by the European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST), North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET), and Common Carotid (CC) methods of grading carotid stenoses. METHODS: We analyzed the angiographic data using the ECST, NASCET, and CC methods and compared the results with the duplex sonographic findings. We then calculated the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of the duplex sonographic method. Taking these parameters into account, the optimal intrastenotic peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end diastolic velocity (EDV) were derived for diagnosing severe stenoses according to the 3 angiographic methods. RESULTS: Optimal PSV and EDV values for diagnosing a 70% or greater stenosis in our laboratory were as follows: with the NASCET method of angiographic grading of stenoses, PSV 220 cm/second or greater and EDV 80 cm/second or greater, and with the ECST and CC methods, PSV 190 cm/second or greater, and EDV 65 cm/second or greater. The optimal PSV and EDV for diagnosing a stenosis of 80% or greater with the ECST grading method were 215 cm/second or greater and 90 cm/second or greater, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Duplex sonography is a sensitive and accurate tool for evaluating severe carotid stenoses. Optimal PSVs and EDVs vary according to the angiographic method used to grade the stenosis. They are similar for stenoses 70% or greater with the NASCET method and for stenoses 80% or greater with the ECST method.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Strasser, Maja Christine

ISSN:

0091-2751

ISBN:

12116107

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/jcu.10078

PubMed ID:

12116107

Web of Science ID:

000175960500004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28504 (FactScience: 121018)

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