Thrombolysis in patients with acute stroke caused by cervical artery dissection: analysis of 9 patients and review of the literature

Arnold, Marcel; Nedeltchev, Krassen; Sturzenegger, Matthias; Schroth, Gerhard; Loher, Thomas J; Stepper, Frank; Remonda, Luca; Bassetti, Claudio; Mattle, Heinrich P (2002). Thrombolysis in patients with acute stroke caused by cervical artery dissection: analysis of 9 patients and review of the literature. Archives of neurology, 59(4), pp. 549-53. Chicago, Ill.: American Medical Association 10.1001/archneur.59.4.549

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BACKGROUND: Results of recently published studies suggest that intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and local intra-arterial thrombolysis (LIT) are feasible procedures in acute stroke after cervical artery dissection (CAD). OBJECTIVES: To describe 9 patients with acute stroke caused by CAD who were treated by LIT (n = 7) or IVT (n = 2) and to review the literature. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical and neuroradiological findings; literature review from 1980 to present. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score. RESULTS: Of 7 patients treated with LIT, 3 had good outcomes (mRS score of 0-2) and 4 had bad outcomes (mRS score of 3-6) at 3 months. The 2 patients who had received IVT recovered to mRS scores of 0 and 3. Twenty-one patients were identified in the literature. Overall (N = 30), in the IVT group (n = 19), the outcome was good in 8 patients (42%) and bad in 11 (58%); in the LIT group (n = 11), 6 patients (55%) had a good outcome and 5 (45%) had a bad outcome. Overall, 47% (14/30) of the patients (IVT and LIT groups) had a good outcome. Total mortality was 13% (4/30). There were no secondary complications due to extension of wall hematoma or angiography. One symptomatic hemorrhage occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Thrombolysis is feasible in acute stroke caused by CAD. Local complications from extension of wall hematoma did not occur. Further prospective studies are needed to determine the safety and efficacy of thrombolysis in the special circumstance of acute stroke caused by CAD.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Strasser, Maja Christine

ISSN:

0003-9942

ISBN:

11939889

Publisher:

American Medical Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:05

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1001/archneur.59.4.549

PubMed ID:

11939889

Web of Science ID:

000174927800007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28506 (FactScience: 121022)

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