Effect of the NMDA-receptor antagonist dextromethorphan in infant rat pneumococcal meningitis

Sellner, Johann; Ringer, Ralph; Baumann, Pierre; Perey, Michèl Jonzier; Schmitt, Bernhard; Leib, Stephen L. (2008). Effect of the NMDA-receptor antagonist dextromethorphan in infant rat pneumococcal meningitis. Current drug metabolism, 9(1), pp. 83-88. Hilversum: Bentham Science Publishers

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Excitatory amino acids (EAA) and particularly glutamate toxicity have been implicated in the pathogenesis of neuronal injury occurring in bacterial meningitis by activating the N-methyl-d aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex. Here, we evaluated the effect of adjuvant treatment with the antitussive drug dextromethorphan (DM), a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist with neuroprotective potential, in an infant rat model of pneumococcal meningitis. The experiments were carried out in postnatal day 6 (P6) and 11 (P11) animals. Pharmacokinetics of DM and its major metabolite dextrorphan (DO) were performed for dose finding. In our study, DM did not alter clinical parameters (clinical score, motor activity, incidence of seizures, spontaneous mortality) and cortical neuronal injury but increased the occurrence of ataxia (P<0.0001). When DM treatment was started at the time of infection (DM i.p. 15 mg/kg at 0, 4, 8 and 16 hours (h) post infection) in P11 animals, an aggravation of apoptotic neuronal death in the hippocampal dentate gyrus was found (P<0.05). When treatment was initiated during acute pneumococcal meningitis (DM i.p. 15 mg/kg at 12 and 15 h and 7.5 mg/kg at 18 and 21 h after infection), DM had no effect on the extent of brain injury but reduced the occurrence of seizures (P<0.03). We conclude that in this infant rat model of pneumococcal meningitis interference of the EEA and NMDA pathway using DM causes ataxia, attenuates epileptic seizures and increases hippocampal apoptosis, but is not effective in protecting the brain from injury.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases

UniBE Contributor:

Sellner, Johann and Leib, Stephen

ISSN:

1389-2002

ISBN:

18220575

Publisher:

Bentham Science Publishers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:06

Last Modified:

08 Jul 2015 10:23

PubMed ID:

18220575

Web of Science ID:

000253936400010

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.28670

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28670 (FactScience: 125113)

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