Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement in acute vessel occlusion: evaluation of new methods for interventional stroke treatment

Brekenfeld, C; Tinguely, Pascale Marie-Pia; Schroth, G; Arnold, M; El-Koussy, M; Nedeltchev, K; Byrne, J V; Gralla, J (2009). Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement in acute vessel occlusion: evaluation of new methods for interventional stroke treatment. American journal of neuroradiology AJNR, 30(6), pp. 1165-72. Oak Brook, Ill.: American Society of Neuroradiology 10.3174/ajnr.A1541

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The major goal of acute ischemic stroke treatment is fast and sufficient recanalization. Percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTA) and/or placement of a stent might achieve both by compressing the thrombus at the occlusion site. This study assesses the feasibility, recanalization rate, and complications of the 2 techniques in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty cranial vessels of 7 swine were occluded by injection of radiopaque thrombi. Fifteen vessel occlusions were treated by PTA alone and 15, by placement of a stent and postdilation. Recanalization was documented immediately after treatment and after 1, 2, and 3 hours. Thromboembolic events and dissections were documented. RESULTS: PTA was significantly faster to perform (mean, 16.6 minutes versus 33.0 minutes for stent placement; P < .001), but the mean recanalization rate after 1 hour was significantly better after stent placement compared with PTA alone (67.5% versus 14.6%, P < .001). Due to the self-expanding force of the stent, vessel diameter further increased with time, whereas the recanalization result after PTA was prone to reocclusion. Besides thromboembolic events related to the passing maneuvers at the occlusion site, no thrombus fragmentation and embolization occurred during balloon inflation or stent deployment. Flow to side branches could also be restored at the occlusion site because it was possible to direct thrombus compression. CONCLUSIONS: Stent placement and postdilation proved to be much more efficient in terms of acute and short-term vessel recanalization compared with PTA alone.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Viszeralchirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Viszeralchirurgie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Brekenfeld, Caspar; Tinguely, Pascale Marie Pia; Schroth, Gerhard; Arnold, Marcel; El-Koussy, Marwan and Gralla, Jan

ISSN:

0195-6108

ISBN:

19299491

Publisher:

American Society of Neuroradiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:06

Last Modified:

28 Apr 2017 15:58

Publisher DOI:

10.3174/ajnr.A1541

PubMed ID:

19299491

Web of Science ID:

000267258400017

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28781 (FactScience: 130204)

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