Effects of ursodeoxycholic acid in combination with vitamin E on adipokines and apoptosis in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

Balmer, Maria Luisa; Siegrist, Kathrin; Zimmermann, Arthur; Dufour, Jean-François (2009). Effects of ursodeoxycholic acid in combination with vitamin E on adipokines and apoptosis in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Liver international, 29(8), pp. 1184-8. Oxford: Blackwell Munksgaard 10.1111/j.1478-3231.2009.02037.x

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adipokines and hepatocellular apoptosis participate in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In a randomized trial ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) with vitamin E (VitE) improved serum aminotransferases and hepatic histology. The present work evaluates the effect of this combination on adipokines and hepatocellular apoptosis. METHODS: Circulating levels of adiponectin, resistin, leptin, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, retinol binding protein-4, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha were measured by enzyme-linked immunoassays at the beginning and after 2 years of treatment with either UDCA+VitE, UDCA+placebo (P) or P+P. Apoptosis was assessed by immunohistochemistry for activated caspase-3 and circulating levels of apoptosis-associated cytokeratin 18 fragments (M30). RESULTS: Levels of adiponectin increased in patients treated with UDCA+VitE, whereas they decreased in the two other groups (P<0.04) and correlated with the improvement of liver steatosis (P<0.04). M30 levels worsened in the P/P group and improved in the other two groups. They correlated with hepatocellular apoptosis (P<0.02) and steatosis (P<0.02) as well as negatively with adiponectin levels (P<0.04). CONCLUSIONS: UDCA+VitE improves not only aminotransferase levels and liver histology of patients with NASH, but also decreases hepatocellular apoptosis and restores circulating levels of adiponectin. These results suggest that the UDCA+VitE combination has metabolic effects in addition to its beneficial cytoprotective properties.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Visceral Research (discontinued)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Balmer, Maria Luisa; Zimmermann, Arthur and Dufour, Jean-François

ISSN:

1478-3223

ISBN:

19422479

Publisher:

Blackwell Munksgaard

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:07

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1478-3231.2009.02037.x

PubMed ID:

19422479

Web of Science ID:

000268653200009

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/29610 (FactScience: 153941)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback