The impact of early postoperative cyclosporine serum levels on the incidence of cardiac allograft rejection

Hausen, B; Demertzis, S; Schäfers, H J; Wahlers, T H; Wagenbreth, I; Haverich, A (1993). The impact of early postoperative cyclosporine serum levels on the incidence of cardiac allograft rejection. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery, 5(7), 257-61; discussion 262. Oxford: Oxford University Press 10.1016/1010-7940(93)90214-V

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The introduction of cyclosporine A (CyA) into the immunosuppressive therapy has significantly improved the results of heart transplantation (HTX). Its nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity, however, often limit the perioperative and postoperative use of this drug. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of early postoperative CyA blood levels on the incidence of early as well as late cardiac rejection and patients' survival. Between October 1985 and June 1991, HTX was performed in 311 patients. Standard immunosuppression consisted of azathioprine (1-2 mg/kg), prednisolone (0.5 to 0.1 mg/kg) and CyA. Rabbit-antithymocyte-globulin (RATG - 1.5 mg/kg) was administered for the first 4 days postoperatively. Moderate rejection was treated with 3 x 500 mg methylprednisolone, severe rejection with RATG (1.5 mg/kg three times a day). Patients were excluded from this study because of a positive cross-matching, early death unrelated to rejection or alternate forms of immunosuppression (n = 111). Follow-up was complete in 200 patients (mean age 44 +/- 11; 18 female, 182 male; 204,233 patient days) with a total of 5380 biopsies. The cohort was divided into group I (no CyA for day 0 to 2; n = 108) and group II (CyA during day 0 to 2; n = 92) according to the onset of CyA therapy. In 101 patients (group A) the mean CyA blood level was less than 150 ng/ml from day 0 to 14 and in 99 patients more than 150 ng/ml (group B).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Faculty Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Demertzis, Stefanos






Oxford University Press




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:08

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:21

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URI: (FactScience: 157872)

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