Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to lung transplantation

Jurmann, M J; Haverich, A; Demertzis, S; Schaefers, H J; Wagner, T O; Borst, H G (1991). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to lung transplantation. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery, 2(5), 94-7; discussion 98. Oxford: Oxford University Press 10.1016/1010-7940(91)90006-6

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The occurrence of severe graft failure after lung transplantation which appears refractory to conventional treatment represents a difficult situation with regard to the therapeutic strategies available. Of 17 patients undergoing single lung transplantation at our center, 2 developed early graft failure. In both, temporary artificial cardiopulmonary support by means of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation became necessary as a bridge to retransplantation. Both patients were successfully retransplanted after 8 h and 232 h, respectively, of extra-corporeal support. Postoperatively, there was a variety of complications. The first patient completely recovered from temporary severe cerebral dysfunction diagnosed as "locked-in syndrome". She was discharged from hospital on the 93rd postoperative day and remains alive and well 10 months after her operation. The other patient recovered well early after retransplantation. Later, however, airway problems developed, requiring the implantation of endotracheal stents. Cachexia and several episodes of viral pneumonia contributed to the progressive deterioration of her clinical status. She finally died after being hospitalized for 5 months after the original operation. These two cases illustrate the feasibility of using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to pulmonary transplantation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Faculty Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Demertzis, Stefanos






Oxford University Press




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:08

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:21

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/29711 (FactScience: 157890)

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