Computed tomographic coronary angiography in patients with surgically treated type A aortic dissection: preliminary results

Rosskopf, Andrea B; Bugmann, Rahel; Goeber, Volkhard; Ott, Daniel; Hess, Otto; Carrel, Thierry; Hoppe, Hanno (2010). Computed tomographic coronary angiography in patients with surgically treated type A aortic dissection: preliminary results. Emergency radiology, 17(3), pp. 185-90. Heidelberg: Springer 10.1007/s10140-009-0829-3

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Acute type A aortic dissection is a serious emergency with a mortality rate of up to 40% within the first 24 h when left untreated. Surgical therapy needs to be initiated promptly. Due to this urgent situation, preoperative evaluation of the coronary arteries is not routinely performed in these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography angiography (CTA) for postoperative coronary artery assessment in these patients. Ten consecutive patients with two or more cardiovascular risk factors were prospectively enrolled. Patients had type A aortic dissection treated surgically with a supracoronary graft of the ascending aorta. Performance of CTA to exclude significant stenosis (>50% lumen narrowing) and/or coronary artery dissection was compared with quantitative coronary angiography. A total of 147 segments were evaluated. Three segments (2%) were excluded from analysis. CTA correctly assessed one of three significant stenoses in three patients and correctly excluded coronary artery disease (CAD) in six of ten patients. One patient was rated false positive. Overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of CT for identifying coronary artery disease by segment was 98%, 33%, 99%, 50%, and 99%, respectively (P<0.05). By patient, it was 70%, 33%, 86%, 50%, and 75%, respectively. No coronary artery dissection was found. Noninvasive CTA may be a viable alternative to conventional angiography for postoperative coronary artery evaluation in patients with surgically treated type A aortic dissection and cardiovascular risk factors. An NPV of 99% should allow for reliable exclusion of CAD. Further studies with higher patient numbers are warranted.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Rosskopf, Andrea Bianca; Göber, Volkhard; Ott, Daniel; Carrel, Thierry and Hoppe, Hanno

ISSN:

1070-3004

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:08

Last Modified:

30 Jul 2018 13:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10140-009-0829-3

PubMed ID:

19730904

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.300

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/300 (FactScience: 197475)

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