MicroRNA-140 is expressed in differentiated human articular chondrocytes and modulates interleukin-1 responses

Miyaki, Shigeru; Nakasa, Tomoyuki; Otsuki, Shuhei; Grogan, Shawn P; Higashiyama, Reiji; Inoue, Atsushi; Kato, Yoshio; Sato, Tempei; Lotz, Martin K; Asahara, Hiroshi (2009). MicroRNA-140 is expressed in differentiated human articular chondrocytes and modulates interleukin-1 responses. Arthritis & rheumatism, 60(9), pp. 2723-30. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/art.24745

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OBJECTIVE: MicroRNA (miRNA) are a class of noncoding small RNAs that act as negative regulators of gene expression. MiRNA exhibit tissue-specific expression patterns, and changes in their expression may contribute to pathogenesis. The objectives of this study were to identify miRNA expressed in articular chondrocytes, to determine changes in osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage, and to address the function of miRNA-140 (miR-140). METHODS: To identify miRNA specifically expressed in chondrocytes, we performed gene expression profiling using miRNA microarrays and quantitative polymerase chain reaction with human articular chondrocytes compared with human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The expression pattern of miR-140 was monitored during chondrogenic differentiation of human MSCs in pellet cultures and in human articular cartilage from normal and OA knee joints. We tested the effects of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on miR-140 expression. Double-stranded miR-140 (ds-miR-140) was transfected into chondrocytes to analyze changes in the expression of genes associated with OA. RESULTS: Microarray analysis showed that miR-140 had the largest difference in expression between chondrocytes and MSCs. During chondrogenesis, miR-140 expression in MSC cultures increased in parallel with the expression of SOX9 and COL2A1. Normal human articular cartilage expressed miR-140, and this expression was significantly reduced in OA tissue. In vitro treatment of chondrocytes with IL-1beta suppressed miR-140 expression. Transfection of chondrocytes with ds-miR-140 down-regulated IL-1beta-induced ADAMTS5 expression and rescued the IL-1beta-dependent repression of AGGRECAN gene expression. CONCLUSION: This study shows that miR-140 has a chondrocyte differentiation-related expression pattern. The reduction in miR-140 expression in OA cartilage and in response to IL-1beta may contribute to the abnormal gene expression pattern characteristic of OA.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Grogan, Shawn










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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:08

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:21

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30003 (FactScience: 165655)

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