Arctic patterned-ground ecosystems: A synthesis of field studies and models along a North American Arctic Transect

Walker, D.A.; Epstein, H.E.; Romanovsky, V.E.; Ping, C.L.; Michaelson, G.J.; Daanen, R.P.; Shur, Y; Peterson, R.A.; Krantz, W.B.; Raynolds, M.K.; Gould, W.A.; Gonzalez, G; Nicolsky, D.J.; Vonlanthen, C.M.; Kade, A.N.; Kuss, Patrick; Kelley, A.M.; Munger, C.A.; Tamocai, C.T.; Matveyeva, N.V.; ... (2008). Arctic patterned-ground ecosystems: A synthesis of field studies and models along a North American Arctic Transect. Journal of geophysical research, 113(G3), G03S01. Washington, D.C.: American Geophysical Union 10.1029/2007JG000504

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Arctic landscapes have visually striking patterns of small polygons, circles, and hummocks. The linkages between the geophysical and biological components of these systems and their responses to climate changes are not well understood. The "Biocomplexity of Patterned Ground Ecosystems" project examined patterned-ground features (PGFs) in all five Arctic bioclimate subzones along an 1800-km trans-Arctic temperature gradient in northern Alaska and northwestern Canada. This paper provides an overview of the transect to illustrate the trends in climate, PGFs, vegetation, n-factors, soils, active-layer depth, and frost heave along the climate gradient. We emphasize the thermal effects of the vegetation and snow on the heat and water fluxes within patterned-ground systems. Four new modeling approaches build on the theme that vegetation controls microscale soil temperature differences between the centers and margins of the PGFs, and these in turn drive the movement of water, affect the formation of aggradation ice, promote differential soil heave, and regulate a host of system propel-ties that affect the ability of plants to colonize the centers of these features. We conclude with an examination of the possible effects of a climate wan-ning on patterned-ground ecosystems.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Kuss, Patrick

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0148-0227

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:08

Last Modified:

20 Jan 2020 10:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1029/2007JG000504

Web of Science ID:

000256812200001

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30137 (FactScience: 172191)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback