Reactivity of human natural antibodies to endothelial cells from Galalpha(1,3)Gal-deficient pigs

Baumann, Bettina C; Stussi, Georg; Huggel, Katja; Rieben, Robert; Seebach, Jörg D (2007). Reactivity of human natural antibodies to endothelial cells from Galalpha(1,3)Gal-deficient pigs. Transplantation, 83(2), pp. 193-201. Hagerstown, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

BACKGROUND: Xenoreactive human natural antibodies (NAb) are predominantly directed against galactose-alpha(1,3)galactose (Gal). Binding of immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM NAb activates porcine endothelial cells (pEC) and triggers complement lysis responsible for hyperacute xenograft rejection. In vitro, IgG NAb induce human natural killer (NK) cell-mediated lysis of pEC by antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). The present study examined the levels of anti-porcine NAb in a large number of individuals and addressed the functional role of non-Gal anti-porcine NAb. METHODS: Sera from 120 healthy human blood donors were analyzed for the presence of anti-porcine NAb by flow cytometry using porcine red blood cells (pRBC), lymphoblastoid cells (pLCL), and pEC derived from control or Gal-deficient pigs. Xenogeneic complement lysis was measured by flow cytometry using human serum and rabbit complement. ADCC was analyzed by chromium-release assays using human serum and freshly isolated NK cells. RESULTS: Human IgM binding to pRBC was found in 93% and IgG binding in 86% of all samples. Non-Gal NAb comprised 13% of total IgM and 36% of total IgG binding to pEC. NAb/complement-induced lysis and ADCC of Gal-deficient compared to Gal-positive pEC were 21% and 29%, respectively. The majority of anti-Gal and non-Gal IgG NAb were of the IgG2 subclass. CONCLUSIONS: The generation of Gal-deficient pigs has overcome hyperacute anti-Gal-mediated xenograft rejection in nonhuman primates. Non-Gal anti-porcine NAb represent a potentially relevant immunological hurdle in a subgroup of individuals by inducing endothelial damage in xenografts.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Herz und Gefässe

UniBE Contributor:

Rieben, Robert






Lippincott Williams & Wilkins




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:09

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:56

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:


URI: (FactScience: 186489)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback