Age and gender differences in health-related quality of life of children and adolescents in Europe: a multilevel analysis

Michel, Gisela; Bisegger, Corinna; Fuhr, Daniela C; Abel, Thomas (2009). Age and gender differences in health-related quality of life of children and adolescents in Europe: a multilevel analysis. Quality of life research, 18(9), pp. 1147-57. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands 10.1007/s11136-009-9538-3

[img] Text
Michel QualLifeRes 2009.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (247kB) | Request a copy
[img]
Preview
Text
11136_2009_Article_9538.pdf - Other
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (267kB) | Preview

OBJECTIVES: To determine age and gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children and adolescents across 12 European countries using a newly developed HRQOL measure (KIDSCREEN). METHODS: The KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire was filled in by 21,590 children and adolescents aged 8-18 from 12 countries. We used multilevel regression analyses to model the hierarchical structure of the data. In addition, effect sizes were computed to test for gender differences within each age group. RESULTS: Children generally showed better HRQOL than adolescents (P < 0.001). While boys and girls had similar HRQOL at young age, girls' HRQOL declined more than boys' (P < 0.001) with increasing age, depending on the HRQOL scale. There was significant variation between countries both at the youngest age and for age trajectories. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, gender and age differences in children's and adolescents' HRQOL across Europe were assessed using a comprehensive and standardised instrument. Gender and age differences exist for most HRQOL scales. Differences in HRQOL across Europe point to the importance of national contexts for youth's well-being.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Michel, Gisela; Bisegger, Corinna; Fuhr, Daniela and Abel, Thomas

ISSN:

0962-9343

ISBN:

19774493

Publisher:

Springer Netherlands

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:09

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 13:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s11136-009-9538-3

PubMed ID:

19774493

Web of Science ID:

000270650900003

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.30178

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30178 (FactScience: 190237)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback