Outcome of transmetatarsal amputations in diabetics using antibiotic beads

Krause, FG; deVries, G; Meakin, C; Kalla, TP; Younger, AS (2009). Outcome of transmetatarsal amputations in diabetics using antibiotic beads. Foot & ankle international, 30(6), pp. 486-93. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage 10.3113/FAI.2009.0486

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BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients with transmetatarsal amputation (TMA) for chronic forefoot ulceration or necrosis are at high risk for postoperative skin breakdown and subsequent amputation. Locally applied antibiotics may reduce the revision rate and improve the outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a retrospective comparative study, 60 diabetic patients (65 feet) with forefoot ulceration or necrosis were treated with TMA by three surgeons in three hospitals. In the "beads group'' (46 patients, 49 feet) TMA was combined with local application of bioabsorbable, tobramycin impregnated calcium sulphate beads (OsteoSet-T beads, Wright Medical, Memphis, TN) as a single-stage procedure. The remaining 16 patients had transmetatarsal amputation without beads at the surgeon's discretion and acted as a control group. For all patients, time to healing, length of hospital stay, number of revisions for wound breakdown and conversions to a higher-level amputation were retrospectively reviewed. Of the 60 patients 17 had died and three were lost to followup, leaving 40 patients available for latest followup at 29 months. The Foot ; Ankle Outcome Score, Foot Function index, SF-36, and Comorbidity score were recorded. RESULTS: The revision rate for wound breakdown after TMA was 8.2% (4/49) in the beads group, and 25% (4/16) in the control group (p<0.05). At latest followup, 27% (13/49) in the beads group, and 25% (4/16) in the control group had to be converted to transtibial amputation. Patients in the beads group scored worse for activities of daily living in the FAOS and SF-36 (p < 0.05), and demonstrated more health problems in the Comorbidity scores (not significant), indicating sicker individuals in the beads group. CONCLUSION: Bioabsorbable calcium sulphate antibiotic beads may be a useful addition for TMA for patients with non-healing diabetic ulcerations of the forefoot. The single-stage procedure could have a significant impact on the management of diabetic forefoot ulcerations by preventing additional hospital stays, improving the patient's quality of life and minimizing cost.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Krause, Fabian










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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:09

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:21

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30185 (FactScience: 190708)

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