Changing epidemiology of HIV anonymous testing in Switzerland for 1996-2006

Prasad, L R; Spoerri, A; Gebhardt, M D; Egger, M; Low, N; Zwahlen, M (2009). Changing epidemiology of HIV anonymous testing in Switzerland for 1996-2006. Swiss medical weekly, 139(17-18), pp. 256-63. Muttenz: EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

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QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: To assess whether the prevalence of HIV positive tests in clients at five anonymous testing sites in Switzerland had increased since the end of the 1990s, and ascertain whether there had been any concurrent change in the proportions of associated risk factors. METHODS: Baseline characteristics were analysed, by groups of years, over the eleven consecutive years of data collected from the testing sites. Numbers of HIV positive tests were presented as prevalence/1000 tests performed within each category. Multivariable analyses, stratified by African nationality and risk group of heterosexuals or men who have sex with men (MSM), were done controlling simultaneously for a series of variables. Odds ratios (ORs) were reported together with their 95% confidence intervals (CI). P values were calculated from likelihood ratio tests. RESULTS: There was an increase in the prevalence of positive tests in African heterosexuals between 1996-1999 and 2004-2006, rising from 54.2 to 86.4/1000 and from 5.6 to 25.2/1000 in females and males respectively. The proportion of MSM who knew that one or more of their sexual partners was infected with HIV increased from 2% to 17% and the proportion who reported having more than five sexual partners in the preceding two years increased from 44% to 51%. CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance data from anonymous testing sites continue to provide useful information on the changing epidemiology of HIV and thus inform public health strategies against HIV.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Prasad, Leonie; Spörri, Adrian; Egger, Matthias; Low, Nicola and Zwahlen, Marcel

ISSN:

1424-7860

ISBN:

19418308

Publisher:

EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:09

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2015 15:16

PubMed ID:

19418308

Web of Science ID:

000265876700003

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.30220

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30220 (FactScience: 191486)

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