Increased expression of IL-12p70 and IL-23 by multiple dendritic cell and macrophage subsets in plaque psoriasis

Yawalkar, Nikhil; Tscharner, Gion G; Hunger, Robert E; Hassan, Akmal S (2009). Increased expression of IL-12p70 and IL-23 by multiple dendritic cell and macrophage subsets in plaque psoriasis. Journal of dermatological science, 54(2), pp. 99-105. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.jdermsci.2009.01.003

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BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated skin disease, in which interleukins 12 and 23 have been postulated to play a critical role. However, the cellular source of these cytokines in psoriatic lesions are still poorly defined and their relative contribution in inducing skin inflammation has been discussed controversially. OBJECTIVES: To investigate immunoreactivity of the bioactive forms of IL-12 and IL-23 in plaque psoriasis and to characterize the dendritic cell (DC) and macrophage subsets responsible for the production of these cytokines. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed on normal skin (n=11) as well as non-lesional (n=11) and lesional (n=11) skin of patients with plaque psoriasis using monoclonal antibodies targeting the bioactive forms of IL-12 (IL-12p70) and IL-23 (IL-23p19/p40) on serial cryostat sections using the alkaline phosphatase-antialkaline phosphatase. Co-localization of IL-12 and IL-23 with different dendritic cells and macrophage cell markers (CD1a, CD11c, CD14, CD32, CD68, CD163, CD208/DC-LAMP) was performed using double immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Immunoreactivity for IL-12 and IL-23 was significantly enhanced in lesional psoriatic skin as compared to non-lesional and normal skin. No difference was observed between IL-12 and IL-23 immunoreactivity in any skin types. Both IL-12 and IL-23 immunoreactivity was readily detected mainly in CD11c+, CD14+, CD32+, CD68+ and some CD163+, DC-LAMP+ cells. IL-12 and occasionally IL-23 were also found in some CD1a+ dendritic cells. In addition, an enhanced expression mainly of IL-23 was observed in keratinocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Bioactive forms of IL-12 and IL-23 are highly expressed in various DC and macrophage subsets and their marked in situ production suggest that both cytokines have crucial pathogenic role in psoriasis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Dermatology

UniBE Contributor:

Yawalkar, Nikhil and Hunger, Robert










Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:09

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 22:26

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URI: (FactScience: 193774)

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