Antigen Processing and Presentation in Multiple Sclerosis

Stoeckle, Christina; Tolosa, Eva (2009). Antigen Processing and Presentation in Multiple Sclerosis. Results and problems in cell differentiation, 51, pp. 149-172. Berlin: Springer

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CD4(+) T cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Generation, activation and effector function of these cells crucially depends on their interaction with MHC II-peptide complexes displayed by antigen presenting cells (APC). Processing and presentation of self antigens by different APC therefore influences the disease course at all stages. Selection by thymic APC leads to the generation of autoreactive T cells, which can be activated by peripheral APC. Reactivation by central nervous system APC leads to the initiation of the inflammatory response resulting in demyelination. In this review we will focus on how MHC class II antigenic epitopes are created by different APC from the thymus, the periphery and from the brain, and will discuss the relevance of the balance between creation and destruction of such epitopes in the context of MS. A solid understanding of these processes offers the possibility for designing future therapeutic strategies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology

UniBE Contributor:

Merz, Christina

ISSN:

0080-1844

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:10

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2016 10:50

PubMed ID:

19582405

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30706 (FactScience: 194982)

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